Dietary Tips for IBD Sufferers
During periods of IBD flares, eating certain foods may precipitate abdominal discomfort and cramping. Talk with your physician about how to identify foods and beverages that could aggravate your symptoms, especially during a flare.
The following 6 tips and guidelines may help you avoid
flares and ease symptom severity:
1. Don’t consume problem foods or beverages.
Some foods may worsen your symptoms, such as: beans, cabbage, broccoli, raw fruit juices and fruits, popcorn, caffeine, and carbonated beverages.
2. Eat smaller meals.
Eating 5 or 6 smaller meals may be a better option than
eating 3 large meals.
3. Drink plenty of fluids.
Do drink plenty of fluids daily, particularly water. Avoid beverages that contain caffeine which can aggravate your symptoms and cause diarrhea.
4. Experiment with fiber.
Foods that are high in fiber, such as fresh fruits, vegetables, and grains, are part of a healthy diet. For some IBD sufferers, dietary fiber may cause diarrhea, abdominal pain and gas. If you’re considering adding significant amounts of fiber to your diet, it is best to get your doctor’s advice.
5. Consider adding multivitamins to your daily routine.
IBD symptoms such as diarrhea can deplete nutrients. Food triggers can limit your caloric intake and impair your nutrient absorption. Vitamin and mineral supplements may improve your ability to recover faster from a flare.
6. A qualified dietitian may help.
Talk to a registered dietitian about unusual weight loss, or other matters that may be related to nutritional deficiencies you could have. A dietician can help you develop a menu plan based on identified trigger foods to ensure adequate nutrition.